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Giro d'Italia 2013: A Beginners' Guide To The Race

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"Tappa" 17 to Boario Terme, Hinault grimaces on the climb, on a day that would be crucial to his Giro victory in 1982.

"Tappa" 17 to Boario Terme, Hinault grimaces on the climb, on a day that would be crucial to his Giro victory in 1982.
(Image credit: Sirotti)
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A cariacature depicting (from left) three giants of Italian cycling: Gino Bartali, Fausto Coppi and Fiorenzo Magni

A cariacature depicting (from left) three giants of Italian cycling: Gino Bartali, Fausto Coppi and Fiorenzo Magni
(Image credit: Bettini Photo)
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(Image credit: AFP)
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Fausto Coppi piloted this Bianchi to the 1953 pro world championship in Lugano, Switzerland.

Fausto Coppi piloted this Bianchi to the 1953 pro world championship in Lugano, Switzerland.
(Image credit: Peter Suciu)
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Simoni runs Marco Pantani (behind) ragged during the 2003 Giro.

Simoni runs Marco Pantani (behind) ragged during the 2003 Giro.
(Image credit: AFP)
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Stage 18 winner and Giro leader Andy Hampsten celebrates on the podium.

Stage 18 winner and Giro leader Andy Hampsten celebrates on the podium.
(Image credit: Sirotti)
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Ryder Hesjedal (Garmin-Sharp) in Milan having secured the Giro d'Italia, the first man from Canada to do so

Ryder Hesjedal (Garmin-Sharp) in Milan having secured the Giro d'Italia, the first man from Canada to do so
(Image credit: AFP)
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Bradley Wiggins is the favourite for the Giro d'Italia.

Bradley Wiggins is the favourite for the Giro d'Italia.
(Image credit: Bettini Photo)
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Evgeni Berzin and Miguel Indurain

Evgeni Berzin and Miguel Indurain
(Image credit: Fotoreporter Sirotti)
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Evgeni Berzin in pink at the 1994 Giro d'Italia

Evgeni Berzin in pink at the 1994 Giro d'Italia
(Image credit: Bettini Photo)
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Former Giro champion Damiano Cunego, designer Paul Smith, former Giro champion Stefano Garzelli and Gazzetta dello Sport's Andre Monti (L-R) with the 2013 Giro d'Italia jerseys.

Former Giro champion Damiano Cunego, designer Paul Smith, former Giro champion Stefano Garzelli and Gazzetta dello Sport's Andre Monti (L-R) with the 2013 Giro d'Italia jerseys.
(Image credit: Bettini Photo)
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The 2013 Giro d'Italia will pay tribute to Marco Pantani, shown here in the maglia rosa at the 1999 edition.

The 2013 Giro d'Italia will pay tribute to Marco Pantani, shown here in the maglia rosa at the 1999 edition.
(Image credit: AFP)
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Gilberto Simoni cemented his lead in the 2003 Giro d'Italia on a wintry stage.

Gilberto Simoni cemented his lead in the 2003 Giro d'Italia on a wintry stage.
(Image credit: AFP Photo)
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Alberto Contador has finished the final stage of the 2008 Giro d'Italia and celebrates his overall victory.

Alberto Contador has finished the final stage of the 2008 Giro d'Italia and celebrates his overall victory.
(Image credit: AFP)
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Coppi and Bartali fight for supremacy on the mountains

Coppi and Bartali fight for supremacy on the mountains
(Image credit: AFP)
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Coppi and Bartali fight for supremacy on the mountains

Coppi and Bartali fight for supremacy on the mountains
(Image credit: AFP)
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Bartali leads Valetti at the 1939 Giro

Bartali leads Valetti at the 1939 Giro
(Image credit: Maglia Rosa – Triumph and Tragedy at the Giro d’Italia)
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The new maglia rosa features the signature of Italy's Fiorenzo Magni, a three-time Giro champion, inside the collar.

The new maglia rosa features the signature of Italy's Fiorenzo Magni, a three-time Giro champion, inside the collar.
(Image credit: Bettini Photo)
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Taylor Phinney (BMC) wore the maglia rosa for the first three days

Taylor Phinney (BMC) wore the maglia rosa for the first three days
(Image credit: AFP)
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Joaquim Rodriguez (Katusha Team) defended the maglia rosa for another day

Joaquim Rodriguez (Katusha Team) defended the maglia rosa for another day
(Image credit: Bettini Photo)
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The maglia rosa rides through a field of poppies

The maglia rosa rides through a field of poppies
(Image credit: Bettini Photo)
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Paolo Tiralongo (Astana) leads the maglia rosa on stage 11

Paolo Tiralongo (Astana) leads the maglia rosa on stage 11
(Image credit: Gruber Images)
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Marco Pinotti slips into the maglia rosa after stage 8 of the 2007 Giro d'Italia.

Marco Pinotti slips into the maglia rosa after stage 8 of the 2007 Giro d'Italia.
(Image credit: AFP)
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No hard feelings! New race leader Ramunas Navardauskas (Garmin-Barracuda) and previous maglia rosa wearer Taylor Phinney (BMC) on the start line in Modena.

No hard feelings! New race leader Ramunas Navardauskas (Garmin-Barracuda) and previous maglia rosa wearer Taylor Phinney (BMC) on the start line in Modena.
(Image credit: Bettini Photo)
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Stephen Roche resplendent in the maglia rosa after his Carrera Jeans-Vagabond squad won the stage 3 team time trial at the 1987 Giro.

Stephen Roche resplendent in the maglia rosa after his Carrera Jeans-Vagabond squad won the stage 3 team time trial at the 1987 Giro.
(Image credit: Sirotti)
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Ivan Basso (Liquigas-Doimo) dons the maglia rosa for the final time in 2010.

Ivan Basso (Liquigas-Doimo) dons the maglia rosa for the final time in 2010.
(Image credit: Sirotti)
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The tifosi cheer the maglia rosa on Monte Grappa

The tifosi cheer the maglia rosa on Monte Grappa
(Image credit: Bettini Photo)
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Giro d'Italia leader Stephen Roche talks to the press after stage 11.

Giro d'Italia leader Stephen Roche talks to the press after stage 11.
(Image credit: Sirotti)
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Italian president Giorgio Napolitano applauds 2009 Giro d'Italia champion Denis Menchov.

Italian president Giorgio Napolitano applauds 2009 Giro d'Italia champion Denis Menchov.
(Image credit: AFP)
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Andy Hampsten rides his way into Giro d'Italia lore and legend on the Gavia Pass.

Andy Hampsten rides his way into Giro d'Italia lore and legend on the Gavia Pass.
(Image credit: Sirotti)
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Gilberto Simoni knows how to conquer Zoncolan, as he did here in 2003. But seven years on is he still up to the task?

Gilberto Simoni knows how to conquer Zoncolan, as he did here in 2003. But seven years on is he still up to the task?
(Image credit: Fotoreporter Sirotti)
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Gibo winning on Monte Zoncolan in 2007 for a career second time.

Gibo winning on Monte Zoncolan in 2007 for a career second time.
(Image credit: Sirotti)
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Italy's army holds back fans on Zoncolan in 2007.

Italy's army holds back fans on Zoncolan in 2007.
(Image credit: Fotoreporter Sirotti)
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The epic stage 19 from Cavalese to Monte Campione in the Giro. Pavel Tonkov hangs on.

The epic stage 19 from Cavalese to Monte Campione in the Giro. Pavel Tonkov hangs on.
(Image credit: Sirotti)
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Pantani attacks Tonkov in 1998

Pantani attacks Tonkov in 1998
(Image credit: Fotoreporter Sirotti)
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Marco Pantani and Pavel Tonkov during their epic Giro duel in 1998. The Italian would win his first and only Giro.

Marco Pantani and Pavel Tonkov during their epic Giro duel in 1998. The Italian would win his first and only Giro.
(Image credit: Sirotti)
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World champion Maurizio Fondriest shakes hands with race leader Laurent Fignon at the 1989 Giro d'Italia.

World champion Maurizio Fondriest shakes hands with race leader Laurent Fignon at the 1989 Giro d'Italia.
(Image credit: Sirotti)
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Actress Giorgia Wurth and leading man Mario Cipollini with the new pink jersey.

Actress Giorgia Wurth and leading man Mario Cipollini with the new pink jersey.
(Image credit: RCS Sport)
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Tiralongo (Ceramica Panaria-Navigare) on the attack with Casagrande (Naturino)

Tiralongo (Ceramica Panaria-Navigare) on the attack with Casagrande (Naturino)
(Image credit: Fotoreporter Sirotti)
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Paolo Salvodelli lead the race in 2005 when the Giro last climbed the Stelvio

Paolo Salvodelli lead the race in 2005 when the Giro last climbed the Stelvio
(Image credit: Sirotti)

Ranking behind only the Tour de France in terms of prestige, the Giro d’Italia is one of the highlights of the racing calendar. The riders love it because it is more relaxed than the Tour and because the tifosi, the Italian fans, are passionately enthusiastic and knowledgeable.

The Giro d'Italia is born

It began life in 1909 when struggling Italian sports daily La Gazzetta dello Sport got wind of a plan by a rival paper to launch a tour of Italy following the runaway success of the Tour de France, which had been established six years beforehand. Although they had already established the Giro di Lombardia and Milan-Sanremo, those one-day races had not yet gained the Classic status they would later acquire, and Gazzetta’s directors didn’t have the funds to get a new race off the ground, much less one lasting two and a half weeks and covering a substantial part of Italy.

Donations from across the country, including a gift from a Sanremo casino, ensured the race got off the ground. Starting and finishing in Milan, it proved a huge success, Luigi Ganna claiming victory thanks to three stage wins, while La Gazzetta’s sales soared, which guaranteed the race’s future.

The golden age

In the inter-war period, the Giro enjoyed a golden age, beginning with a victory for the first campionissimo (champion of champions), Costante Girardengo, and ending with victory for the second rider to be anointed with that title, Fausto Coppi. Italians dominated the race, no one more so than Alfredo Binda, who claimed five victories in the 1920s and 1930s. His final success came in 1933, two years on from the introduction of the maglia rosa, a jersey as pink as the paper on which Gazzetta was and still is printed, and awarded each day to the race leader.

In the late 1930s, foreign participation at the Giro had declined significantly. However, the popularity of the corsa rosa (“the pink race”) was hardly affected. Indeed, the rivalry that emerged between Italian legends Gino Bartali and Fausto Coppi pushed interest in the Giro to even greater heights. The older of the pair, Bartali had already taken two Giro titles and the Tour de France crown when Coppi emerged in 1940. The two men lined up in the same Legnano team, where Bartali was the absolute leader. But on the second stage he crashed and lost time, allowing Coppi the opportunity to show his ability, and the 20 year old went on to become the youngest ever winner.

After five-year break for the war, Coppi and Bartali returned, this time leading rival teams. Bartali claimed the title, but Coppi bounced back to regain it the following year as Italy split in its support of these two adversaries. In 1949, Coppi produced one of the greatest performances in grand tour history, overturning a 10-minute deficit on one epic stage to Pinerolo, as he claimed the third of what would be five Giro titles.

The following year, Switzerland’s Hugo Koblet became the first foreign winner of the maglia rosa, and in subsequent seasons there have been almost as many foreign winners as Italian. Belgium’s Eddy Merckx emulated Binda and Coppi by capturing five Giro crowns. In 2012, Ryder Hesjedal became the first Canadian to win the title, and the Garmin-Sharp rider is returning to defend it.

The jerseys of the Giro

In addition to the pink jersey worn by the overall leader, the other main jerseys are the blue for the mountains leader, the red for the points leader, and the white for the best young rider. The battle for the mountains title is always hard-fought given the number of severity of the climbs that tend to feature in the Giro.

The race route for 2013

At the end of the second week, the riders cross over into France for a summit finish on the Galibier, where Andy Schleck recorded an historic victory in the 2011 Tour de France. This being the Giro, though, the riders will head to this 2645m summit via its much longer and harder northern flank.

The final week brings a trio of race-deciding stages in Italy’s northern peaks, starting with a 20km mountain time trial near Trento. Two fearsome mountain stages follow, the first of them including the mighty Gavia and Stelvio passes, while the final big test in the Dolomites features no fewer than five famous climbs, finishing at Tre Cime di Lavaredo.

The World Tour teams

The field features all 19 teams that comprise the elite category WorldTour, as well as four squads that received invitations from race organisers RCS. Hesjedal faces very stiff competition for the maglia rosa, with no fewer than twoTour de France winners in the field – Bradley Wiggins, and Cadel Evans. The other likely contenders are home favourite Vincenzo Nibali, third at the Tour last year and former Olympic champion Samuel Sánchez.

Who to watch out for

Wiggins will start as favourite, and rightly so given the commitment he has made to winning the Giro. The team time trial will suit his strong Sky team, and the 55km individual test could well end with the Londoner in the maglia rosa. If his race does go to plan, his task then will be to control the best climbers during the second two weeks, with Nibali looking particularly dangerous given strong recent form.

The contest for the red points title will just as competitive. Mark Cavendish almost claimed it last year and he will be the man to beat with his Omega Pharma-QuickStep team putting all their considerable power behind him. He is sure to be pressed by Australian Matt Goss, Germany’s John Degenkolb and a clutch of young Italians who could spring a surprise or two.

It all adds up to three of the most colourful and thrilling weeks of the season, culminating in Brescia on 26 May.