The Olympic Games' men's and women's individual time trials were won by Fabian Cancellara of Switzerland and Kristin Armstrong of the United States of America respectively. While Cancellara was the fifth rider to win a medal in both the time trial and the road race at the same Olympic Games, Kristin's Armstrong's gold medal marked the record 900th Olympic gold medal for the USA in history.
The rider to have won most Olympic gold medals ever is Leontien Zijlaard-Van Moorsel of the Netherlands. The queen of Olympic cycling dominated women's field in the 1990s and landed her first Olympic gold medals, one on the track and two on the road in Sydney in 2000. Four years later in Athens, at the age of 34, she crashed in the road race but came back three days later to win the time trial, earning her fourth career gold medal, to add to a silver and a bronze.