- Article published:
- May 13, 2011, 07:50
- Cycling News
UPDATED: L'Equipe publishes confidential UCI ranking document
The French newspaper L'Equipe on Friday published a list of all the riders participating in last year's Tour de France and their individual scores of suspicion for doping from a confidential International Cycling Union document.
The riders were ranked with numbers from zero to ten, with zero being no suspicion, and ten being the maximum. The large majority of riders received scores of four or less. The ratings were based on the riders' individual biological passport values up to the event, and included the readings of the first blood test performed on July 1, 2010, just prior to the Grand Départ.
Scores of zero went to, amongst others, Fabian Cancellara, David Zabriskie, Edvald Boasson Hagen and Lars Boom. Lance Armstrong was given a four, as were Cadel Evans and Levi Leipheimer.
Race winner Alberto Contador (who later tested positive for Clenbuterol during the race), was given a five, second-placed Andy Schleck a three, and third-placed Denis Menchov received a nine.
As explained by the newspaper, only the scores of zero and one meant that the riders had a very clean record. Ratings from two to four were based on stable passports which nevertheless showed a rare abnormality at a precise time. From five upwards, the comments associated to the rider files started to become much more precise, "even affirmative" according to L'Equipe.
From six to ten, the circumstantial evidence of possible doping was "overwhelming". According to the paper, some of the riders located to the top of list have already been singled out by the biological passport and evaluated by the panel of nine experts, even if no procedure was opened. "Still, some of the files' commentaries are damning. Recurrent abnormal profiles, enormous fluctuations, identification of the used doping product and means of administration..." wrote L'Equipe's anti-doping expert journalist Damien Ressiot.
In the article, Ressiot also stated that some of the UCI experts were "surprised by certain much too 'normal' blood parameters" and advocated to prohibit the riders from accessing their blood passport data for the last three months, so that they cannot align their blood parameters to the values recorded previously.
The list was handed out to UCI anti-doping officials at the race, as well as the WADA observers present at the event. It was established to evaluate and target certain riders during the race, based on the information gathered by their bio passports and their alleged doping practices at previous events such as the Giro d'Italia and the Vuelta a Espana.
Examples of increased suspicion include:
- sudden drop in hemoglobin one month before the summer of 2010 which could point to an important loss of blood possibly destined to be re-injected during the Tour
- suspicion of EPO use during the 2009 Giro
- hematocrit, hemoglobin or stimulation index superior to 2010 values, which could have led to a start ban before the UCI rules were changed
- low parameters off-race
The complete list:
0 Mario Aerts, Yukiya Arashiro, Stephane Augé, Michael Barry, Francesco Bellotti, Jose Alberto Benitez, Edvald Boasson Hagen, Lars Boom, Maxime Bouet, Pavel Brutt, Fabian Cancellara, Manuel Cardoso, Dries Devenyns, Samuel Dumoulin, Julien El Farès, Simon Gerrans, Anthony Geslin, Bert Grabsch, Christopher Horner, Robert Hunter, Kristjan Koren, Burt Lancaster, David Le Lay, Christophe Le Mével, Adriano Malori, Koes Moerenhout, Amael Moinard, Lloyd Mondory, Damien Monier, Juan Jose Oroz, Remi Pauriol, Mathieu Perget, Gregory Rast, Mark Renshaw, Nicolas Roche, Jurgen Roelandts, Pierre Rolland, Anthony Roux, Jeremy Roy, Mathieu Sprick, Rein Taaramae, Sebastien Turgot, Niki Terpstra, Brian Vandborg, Kristof Vandewalle, Ivan Velasco, Thomas Voeckler, Fabian Wegmann, David Zabriskie
1 Marcus Burghardt, Sandy Casar, Anthony Charteau, Sylvain Chavanel, Julian Dean, Mickael Delage, Martin Elmiger, Johannes Fröhlinger, Jakob Fuglsang, Robert Gesink, Xavier Florencio, Adam Hansen, Ryder Hesjedal, George Hincapie, Andreas Klier, Roger Kluge, Alexander Kuchinsky, Daniel Lloyd, Mirco Lorenzetto, Martijn Maaskant, Aitor Pérez, Alan Pérez, Jerome Pineau, Ruben Plaza, Alexandre Pliuschin, MaartenTjallingii, Rafael Valls, Maarten Wynants
2 Eros Capecchi, Mark Cavendish, Stephen Cummings, Remy Di Gregorio, Arkaitz Duran, Mathias Frank, Oscar Freire, John Gadret, Francesco Gavazzi, Volodymir Gustov, Thor Hushovd, Christophe Kern, Thomas Löfkvist, Sebastien Minard, Daniel Navarro, Grischa Niermann, Stuart O'Grady, Rubén Pérez, Christophe Riblon, Thomas Rohregger, L. L. Sanchez, Carlos Sastre, Fränk Schleck, Simon Spilak, Bram Tankink, Stijn Vandenbergh, Benoit Vaugrenard, Jens Voigt, Eduard Vorganov
3 Ivan Basso, Grega Bole, Brent Bookwalter, Dimitri Champion, Gerald Ciolek, Rui Costa, Damiano Cunego, Mauro Da Dalto, Francis De Greef, Markus Eibegger, Imanol Erviti, Tyler Farrar, Fabio Felline, Juan Antonio Flecha, Maxim Iglinskiy, Vasil Kiryienka, Roman Kreuziger, Matthieu Ladagnous, Robbie McEwen, Maxime Monfort, Sergio Paulinho, Joaquin Rodriguez, Andy Schleck, Chris Anker Sörensen, Sylvester Szmyd, Paolo Tiralongo, Amets Txurruka, Johan Van Summeren, Gorka Verdugo, Charles Wegelius
4 Lance Armstrong, Janez Brajkovic, Bernhard Eisel, Cadel Evans, Pierrick Fédrigo, Juan Manuel Garate, Andriy Grivko, Jesus Hernandez, Ignatas Konovalovas, Sebastian Lang, Levi Leipheimer, David Millar, Daniel Moreno, Serge Pauwels, Manuel Quinziato, Luke Roberts, Samuel Sanchez, Christian Vande Velde, Nicolas Vogondy
5 Alessandro Ballan, Matti Breschel, Alberto Contador, Cyril Gautier, Inaki Isasi, Sergei Ivanov, Vladimir Karpets, Alexandr Kolobnev, Karsten Kroon, Steve Morabito, Benjamin Noval, Jose Rojas, Nicki Sörensen, Alexander Vinokourov, Bradley Wiggins
6 Linus Gerdemann, Christian Knees, Egoi Martínez, Alessandro Petacchi, Francesco Reda, Mauro Santambrogio, Geraint Thomas
7 Jeremy Hunt, Andreas Klöden, Tony Martin, Christophe Moreau, Michael Rogers, Wesley Sulzberger
8 David De la Fuente, Ivan Gutiérrez, Danilo Hondo, Matthew Lloyd, Iban Mayoz, Dmitriy Muravyev, Rinaldo Nocentini, Daniel Oss, Kevin Seeldraeyers, Kanstantsin Siutsou, Jurgen Van Den Broeck
9 Denis Menchov
10 Carlos Barredo,Yaroslav Popovych
- Article published:
- May 13, 2011, 09:09
- Cycling News
Peloton continues to remember and honour fallen rider
Wouter Weylandt will be buried on Wednesday, May 18, Team Leopard Trek has announced. The funeral will be held at 11 am at the Sint-Pieterskerk in his hometown of Gent, Belgium.
Weylandt died on Monday as the result of a crash in the third stage of the Giro d'Italia. The peloton saluted him with a tribute stage the next day. His team has opened a fund to accept donations for his family.
Weylandt's former teammate Stijn Devolder, now with Vacansoleil-DCM, is riding the Tour of Picardy starting today, but said that “I would rather have stayed home." He told Het Laatste Nieuws, “My head is not into racing. I am with Wouter in my thoughts.
Devolder is racing in France because he is committed to doing so for his team. “Actually I'd rather have stayed home. The day after his death I couldn't ride at all. I was just completely out of it.”
The two were teammates at Quick Step from 2008 to 2010 and often roomed together on the road. “Now I am still with Wouter and I think of him when I go to sleep. Talking does help, including training on Wednesday with teammate Gorik Gardeyn.”
Had he been in the Giro, he may not have ridden in the tribute stage, Devolder admitted. “It strikes me very hard now to pin on a racing number. I would never have been able to ride the tribute held to him in the Giro the day after his death.”
In a further tribute to the fallen rider, new Giro leader Pieter Weening of Rabobank has given his first maglia rosa to Weylandt's family. “This victory also belongs a little to Weylandt and his family,” Weening said Wednesday after winning the fifth stage and taking over the race lead, according to De Telegraaf.
- Article published:
- May 13, 2011, 11:32
- Cycling News
Cofidis top the list of least suspicious, Astana and RadioShack at the bottom
As well as publishing an individual ‘index of suspicion’ for each of the 198 riders who rode the 2010 Tour de France, L’Equipe has used the data to calculate an index for the teams and rider nations.
The French newspaper points out that Cofidis tops the list of teams with the lowest total index, with a score of just four points from its nine riders. The four French teams in the 2010 Tour de France fill the top four places of the least suspicious list. Garmin is fifth and Cervelo sixth.
RadioShack is ranked 22nd and bottom of the table with 40 points. Astana is 21st with 39, while HTC-Columbia, BMC and Caisse d’Epargne are all ranked equal 18th with 32 points.
France tops the nations ranking, with an average score of 1.23 per rider based on the total of 35 French riders who rode the 2010 Tour de France.
L’Equipe suggested that this is because France is the most active in the fight against doping. The newspaper also drew up a list of the French riders, highlighting that Christophe Moreau had the highest index of suspicion (7.0) in his final Tour de France before retiring. 18 of the 35 French riders had an index of zero and only six were above the average of 2.4.
The Netherlands (1.25) is second in the ranking, ahead of Switzerland (1.60) and Portugal (2.0). The United States is ranked sixth with an average score of 2.37, while Great Britain is further down in 12th place, with an average score of 3.37. This is based on the scores of the eight British riders who ride the 2010 Tour de France, while Spain’s ranking, which is also 12th, is based on an average of 32 riders.
Italy is ranked 14th (3.70), Belarus is 15th (4.0), Russia is 16th (4.33), Kazakhstan and the Ukraine are equal 17th with a score of 5.33 based on the average of just three riders.
The ranking of the least suspicious teams:
2. Bbox Buoygues Telecom 14
3. FDJ 15
4. AG2R-La Mondiale 16
5. Garmin-Transitions 17
6. Cervelo 20
8. Rabobank 21
9. Liquigas 22
Team Sky 22
11. Milram 23
Saxo Bank 23
13. Euskaltel-Euskadi 24
14. Katusha 26
15. Lampre 28
16. Quick Step 30
17. Omega Pharma-Lotto 31
18. HTC-Columbia 32
Caisse d’Epargne 32
21. Astana 39
22. RadioShack 40
The ranking of the least suspicious nations:
1. France 1.23 (based on the average of 35 riders)
2. Netherlands 1.25 (8)
3. Switzerland 1.60 (5)
4. Portugal 2.0 (3)
5. Slovenia 2.25 (4)
6. USA 2.37 (8)
7. Belgium 2.69 (13)
8. Denmark 2.80 (5)
9. Austria 3.0 (3)
10. Germany 3.27 (15)
Australia 3.27 (11)
12. Spain 3.27 (32)
Great Britain 3.27 (8)
14. Italy 3.70 (17)
15. Belarus 4.0 (3)
16. Russia 4.33 (6)
17. Kazakhstan 5.33 (3)
Ukraine 5.33 (3)
- Article published:
- May 13, 2011, 12:31
- Cycling News
Tour de France boss defends biological passport
Tour de France director Christian Prudhomme has downplayed the leak of the UCI's 'index of suspicion' for the 2010 Tour de France riders, describing the information as a tool in the fight against doping.
L'Equipe published the confidential document on Friday, revealing the names and scores of riders on the list created to help anti-doping officials decide which riders to test during the race.
"There is no secret file. There's is a list made by one of the three international federations (the UCI), who have taken on board the biological passport. It's a tool and certainly a bonus in the fight against doping," said Prudhomme, according to the AFP news agency.
"We mustn't turn things around and associate the word suspicion with a discipline which is fighting (doping), precisely because it is fighting. Only those [sports] that have a biological passport can have such a list."
The list of suspicion ranks the riders based on their biological passport values and the results of their blood tests done just before the 2010 Tour de France. The rankings range from zero (no suspicion) to ten (overwhelming suspicion).
The UCI confirmed the existence of the list said that it “deplores” the release of the information will launch an investigation into the breach of confidentiality.
- Article published:
- May 13, 2011, 18:10
- Jean-François Quénet
Belgian rookie only started racing in 2009
Bart De Clercq didn't expect to win a stage at his first Grand Tour when he got the call for the Giro d'Italia, but the surprises continued for the Omega Pharma-Lotto team that came to the Giro with no star rider. The Belgian ProTour team had already put in a good performance in the opening team time trial, finishing fourth.
"If I make it to Milan, my Giro will be more than a success," De Clercq wrote on his blog from Turin on May 4. He suffered an Achilles injury at the Volta Catalunya and resumed racing at the Tour de Romandie prior to his first start in a Grand Tour.
It wasn't the ideal preparation for the 24-year-old Belgian who signed for Omega Pharma-Lotto on August 22 last year during his second year of competitive cycling with the Davo team, directed by Kurt Van de Wouwer. He turned pro without a great pedigree in the amateur ranks. He has victories at the Tour de Moselle in France, a race in Deerlijk, Belgium and stage 1 of the 2009 Tour de Namur in his palmares but recruiters knew that he was a special rider.
"In my teen years, I was doing athletics," he said in Mercogliano. "I was a runner, but I had to stop because of some injuries. Meanwhile I still did a lot of sport but no competitions during my studies in physical education at the University of Gent.
"I also rode my bike, but as a tourist. Only when I stopped going to school I started racing, not for the purpose of becoming a pro rider, but it turned out quite differently."
De Clercq wasn't exactly racing under a specific plan to win the first uphill finish stage of the 2011 Giro d'Italia. "Why did I attack with 8km to go?," he said. "The speed wasn't very high, so I tried to attack. It turned out quite well. Maybe riders should try to attack a little bit more. If you feel good, you have to attack.
"I was suffering in the last three kilometres. I saw the bunch approaching very fast but I kept just enough of my lead. It was very nice at the end."
For a Belgian rider, it was something special to claim a stage win at the Giro in the week of the death of his compatriot Wouter Weylandt.
"He was not a close friend but I knew him quite well," De Clercq said. "He lived about thirty kilometres from my house. We regularly saw each other at training and I talked with him during stage 1. I didn't think about him during the stage but at the end, I dedicate this victory to him."
- Article published:
- May 13, 2011, 18:23
- Jean-François Quénet
Italian impatient for Sunday’s first real test on Mount Etna
Michele Scarponi (Lampre-ISD) missed out on the stage win at the Montevergine di Mercogliano finish of the Giro d'Italia but still gained something from the uphill finish in the Campania hills, inland from Naples.
His second place behind Bart De Clercq (Omega Pharma-Lotto) gave him twelve bonus seconds and lifted him to fifth overall at 14 seconds. He is now the highest ranked of the favourites for overall victory in Milan. He precedes Vincenzo Nibali by ten seconds and Alberto Contador by sixteen seconds. Scarponi is now within range of the maglia rosa and could take it from Pieter Weening (Rabobank) if he wins the stage on Etna and the Dutchman fails to take any bonus seconds.
“If the GC guys keep watching each others like today, it’s possible that I keep the pink jersey at the Etna,” Weening suggested.
Contador lost contact in the final two hundred metres but wasn’t worried about that after he had crossed the line of the Montevergine.
“Our group was riding fast because there were some breakaway riders to catch. There was no room for attacks but I expect the selection to be more important on the Etna on Sunday,” he said before riding down the climb.
Giro d’Italia general director Angelo Zomegnan confirmed that Sunday’s stage ninth in Sicily will be held as planned despite the recent eruption of the Etna volcano. Catania airport has reopened and the riders will be able to fly to Pescara on Sunday evening as scheduled before the first rest day of the race.
Scarponi was happy to pick up some bonus seconds but wanted to win the stage.
“I thought I was going to win. The breakaway rider (Bart de Clercq) looked like finished but he made it by just,” Scarponi told Cyclingnews.
“We did a great job to come across to him but he was super strong. I said that I wouldn’t move until one kilometre to go and I didn’t. I remained on the wheels all day. I did a good sprint but I needed a little bit more to win. I’ve raced well. It’s ok, I’m doing well, my team is doing well, and I liked this finish. It’s all good. The hardest stages are yet to come and I’m ideally placed for what I want to achieve on the overall classification,”
Scarponi added that he would take it easy on Saturday during the flat stage to Tropea, letting teammate Alessandro Petacchi go for the stage victory on the slightly uphill sprint finish.
- Article published:
- May 13, 2011, 19:49
- Laura Weislo
Riders tested extensively after being targeted
The RadioShack team has responded to the list of riders leaked to L'Equipe today, reportedly showing how the UCI ranked the riders of the 2010 Tour de France for targeted testing.
Riders on the list were ranked 1 to 10 with riders having higher numbers presumed to be suspected of doping. RadioShack's Yaroslav Popovych was ranked a 10, while Dmitriy Muravyev was given an 8.
Team spokesman Philippe Maertens explained to Cyclingnews that the riders were indeed subjected to frequent targeted controls by the UCI during the 2010 Tour de France, but neither rider tested positive or has had disciplinary action taken against him.
"The UCI made a list, and it's their right to do so. I think it's a good thing they have a biological passport. They make a list based on different criteria - we don't know what the criteria are," Maertens said. "Then they made extra controls during the Tour de France which is perfect. Our riders were check a lot of times. Based on that, it's a good system."
He said there are many reasons why a rider could have been given a higher number. The team was never informed of any irregular blood values detected by the UCI for either Muravyev or Popovych, but other information could have factored into the UCI's ranking.
"Muravyev is a good example. We don't know why he's on the list as 8, it could be either because he trains in Tenerife - all riders who train there are high on the list. The other thing is, Muravyev has a consistently low haematocrit. Riders with low haematocrit before the Tour de France were targeted because the UCI believes they could have withdrawn blood to re-inject during the Tour.
"With Muravyev, you can check with the UCI; his haematocrit is 37. after the Tour de France it's still 37, today it's probably 37. He said to me, 'They can put all my values on the Internet, but not this?' [Articles like L'Equipe's] aren't good for his image. He's such an honest guy."
Maertens said that both Popovych and Muravyev were subjected to additional controls during the Tour, but once the race was over, the UCI stopped testing them altogether.
RadioShack therefore has no reason to take any action against either rider, as they did against Vladimir Gusev after the team's independent testers supposedly detected irregular values in 2008 when Johan Bruyneel and the staff managed the Astana squad.
"In Gusev's case, our doctors had reason to believe this is not normal. In the case of Popo and Muravyev, it doesn't seem strange at all.
"We're not happy about [the leaked list], but you have to put it in perspective. They had their list, they probably used that list to make extra controls, and then after the Tour de France they say they saw nothing wrong."
- Article published:
- May 13, 2011, 20:34
- Cycling News
Organisation believes release was counterproductive
The AIGCP (International Association of Professional Cycling Groups) has responded to an article published by French newspaper L'Equipe revealing the a list of all riders participating in the 2010 Tour de France and their ranking by the UCI regarding suspicion of doping.
While the AIGCP supports targeted testing as a means detect doping, the organisation considers the leaking of confidential medical information "extremely damaging". The organisation released a statement in which it detailed its reasons why the publication of the document is counterproductive:
"1. The whole point of the biological passport, which we support, is to help put blood values in context. While it is correct to focus on athletes with unusual blood values, that focus can prove an athlete's guilt as well as confirm their innocence. The release of this information does not provide that context.
2. Levels of targeting occur due to performances, not just blood values. The UCI informed the teams of this in Geneva. So, a rider may have a higher index simply because they are riding unusually well, and not because of any hematological parameter. So, being “targeted” is not necessarily indicative of doping.
3. Blood values can fluctuate due to many different factors, for example- illness and bruising from a crash. The leak of this confidential medical information leaves the interpretation of those values open to the whole world, instead of in the hands of the experts.
4. The release of this information not only damages the reputation of the innocent, but potentially provides the ability for others to avoid detection."
Additionally, the AIGCP stated their dissatisfaction with the lack of security by anti-doping officials.
"This breach in security should not and will not be tolerated by the teams and athletes," the AIGCP said. "The firm expectation of the AIGCP is that the UCI will determine who is responsible for this egregious breach of confidentiality and that the responsible party will be dealt with immediately and appropriately."